Fluoride levels in fruit juices

The Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Volume 16. 1991

Jan G. Stannard, Youn Soo Shim, Maria Kritsineli, Panagiota Labropoulou, Anthi Tsamtsouris

Abstract

Increasing consumption of beverages as a replacement for water have made fluoride content in beverages an important issue. In this study. forty-three ready-to-drink fruit juices were examined for fluoride ion concentration. It was found that 42% of the samples had more than 1 ppm of fluoride. It was also determined that "pure" fruit juices, often grape juices. contained high levels of fluoride. Juice made from grapes separated from the skin did not contain any fluoride. Since it is common practice to use fluoride-containing insecticide in growing grapes. it is believed that contamination of these juices is occurring. Washing of grape skins produced appreciable quantities of fluoride. Given that increasing numbers of people are consuming beverages instead of water, fluoride supplementation should not be based solely upon the concentration of the drinking water, but should also consider the amount of different beverages consumed and their fluoride content.

Few studies have investigated fluoride exposures from juices and juice-flavored drinks manufactured with water. on this study, the authors analyzed 1532 juices and juice drinks for fluoride. Fluoride ion concentrations ranged from 0.02 to 2.80 parts per million, in part because of variations in fluoride concentrations of water used in production.

Children's ingestion of fluoride from juices and juice flavored drinks can be substantial and a factor in the development of fluorosis.

Table 1
Fluoride ion concentration in commercial fruit juices and drinks

 Product Name  Company/Location  Fluoride (ppm)
Fruit Punch
Cranberry
Grape (artificial)
Apple 100%
Prune
Apple Stagel
Orange Drink
Mixed Fruit
Apple 100%
Prune
Apple 100%
Cran-Raspberry
Cranberry
Grape 10%
Apple 100%
Grape Beverage
Apple
Apple-Cherry
Cran Blueberry
Pear Stage I
Natural Sour Cherry
Mixed Fruit
Apple
Lemon-sparkler
Apple Cranberry
Cranapple
Fruit Apple 50%
Grape Drink
Peach
Cherryberry
Apple-grape
Apple-plum
Grape
Grape
Apple 100%
Pineapple
Grape
White Grape
Grape
Tropical Blend
Grape 100%
White Grape
White Grape
Veryfine, Westford, MA
Ocean Spray, Middleboro, MA
Veryfine, Westford. MA
Veryfine, Westford. MA
Sunsweet, Pleasanton, CA
Beechnut, Canajoharie, NY
Tropicana, Brandenton. FL
Beechnut, Canajoharie. NY
Moo's, Stamford. CT
Stop & Shop, Boston. MA
Mott's, Stamford. CT
Ocean Spray. Middleboro, MA
Veryfine, Westford. MA
Hi-C. Houston. TX
Stop & Shop. Boston. MA
Tropicana, Brandenton. FL
Gerber, Fremont. MI
Beechnut, Canajoharie. NY
Ocean Spray, Middleboro. MA
Beechnut, Canajoharie. NY
Sundance, Van Nuys. CA
Gerber, Fremont. MI
Ocean Spray, Middleboro, MA Sundance, Van Nuys. CA
Beechnut, Canajoharie. NY
Ocean Spray, Middleboro. MA
Welch's, Concord. MA
Rainbow, Hazelwood. MO
Dole, San Francisco. CA
Rainbow, Hazelwood. MO
Hi-C, Houston. TX
Hi-C, Houston. TX
Minute Maid. Houston. TX
Welch's, Concord. MA
Minute Maid, Houston. TX
Minute Maid, Houston. TX
Stop & Shop, Boston, MA
Welch's, Concord. MA
Purity Supreme, Boston. MA
Beechnut, Canajoharie. NY
Welch's, Concord. MA
Minute Maid, Houston. TX
Gerber. Fremont, MI
0.15
0.15
0.16
0.16
0.175
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.22
0.26
0.26
0.27
0.30
0.35
0.39
0.47
0.50
0.52
0.62
0.65
0.70
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.96
1.08
1.09
1.13
1.15
1.15
1.16
1.25
1.25
1.28
1.30
1.35
1.94
1.95
2.00
2.60
2.60
3.00
6.80